Originally, the IP header had 3 precedence bits and 3 ToS bits, as well as 2 unused bits. The precedence bits were (and still are) used to make various decisions about packet treatment. Precedence values 0 through 5 are designated for user data; precedence values 6 and 7 are reserved to make network control traffic. RFC 1349 reassigned one of the unused bits to the ToS bits, giving the IP header a total of 3 precedence bits, 4 ToS bits, and one unused bit.
Use of ToS bits was never well-defined or well-deployed. The original intent was to be able to mark packets that preferred low delay, high throughput, or high-reliability paths, but service architectures were never designed or built around these bits.
The DiffServ set of RFCs (RFCs 2474 and 2475) redefined the entire ToS byte. The ToS byte now contains 6 bits of information that declare desired packet treatment — DSCP bits. The remaining two bits in the ToS byte are used for a TCP mechanism called Explicit Congestion Notification (ECN), which isn't addressed here but is defined in RFC 3168.
|IP Precedence (Decimal)||IP Precedence (Bits)||DSCP (Decimal)||DSCP (Bits)|
|Name||DSCP (Decimal)||DSCP (Bits)|
--> 21개의 클래스를 정의하고 있지만, 실제 frame-mode network에서는 0~7까지의 8개 클래스가 사용됨.
|ETH-LB (LBM, LBR) - Ethernet OAM (Y.1731) 정리 노트 (0)||2011.11.19|
|ETH-CC (CCM), ETH-RDI - Ethernet OAM (Y.1731) 정리 노트 (3)||2011.11.19|
|[네트워크] Ethernet OAM (Y.1731) Frame Destination Address (0)||2011.11.18|
|T-MPLS/MPLS-TP 표준 진화 방안 (0)||2011.11.10|
|아이피(IP) 조회 - 한국 인터넷 진흥원 WHOIS (0)||2011.08.31|
|[네트워크] DSCP 비트의 진화, IP 헤더 첫 4Byte의 진화 (0)||2011.06.13|
|[네트워크] MPLS Hierarchy Label Stacking (0)||2011.06.10|
|[네크워크] MPLS TE SRLG(Sharead Risk Link Group) (0)||2011.06.10|
|[네트워크] MPLS Implicit / Explicit NULL labels (0)||2011.06.07|
|[네트워크] CSPF (Constrained Shortest Path First) 동작원리 (0)||2011.06.03|
|[네트워크] OSPF의 SPF(Shortest Path First) 일반적인 동작 원리 (0)||2011.06.02|